France: Court ruling on ‘Sarkozy’ human rights complaint

The case concerned criminal proceedings brought against the applicant Abdoul Aziz Thiam, in the course of which the former President of the French Republic, Nicolas Sarkozy, applied to join the proceedings as a civil party.

Romania: Court declares “excessive and unjustified use of force during a police operation in a Roma community”

The case concerned two police operations in the Roma community of Pata Rât to locate individuals suspected of theft.

Court rules against Italy in transgender name human rights dispute

The case concerned the Italian authorities’ refusal to authorise a transgender person with a female appearance to change her male forename, on the grounds that no final judicial ruling had been given confirming gender reassignment.

Russia: Court makes €50,000 award after police brutality complaint

The case concerned their allegation that they had been ill-treated in police custody in order to force them into confessing to inflicting serious head injuries on a girl who later died.

United Kingdom: Court rejects complaint on 1948 Batang Kali killings by British soldiers

The case concerned the killing of 24 men in December 1948 by British soldiers in the village of Batang Kali in Selangor, which is now a state of Malaysia but at the time was part of the British Empire.